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Diabetes in Children





Means a state of a persistent, excessive discharge of urine.

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Diabetes inspidus.
  • Phosphate diabetes.

Picture of the pancrease-site of production of insulin


Image result for childhood diabetes

Diabetes is usaually not suspected in children..........because it is thought of the disease of the adults and elderly


Childhood diabetes could be of multiple types:

  • Autoimmune
  • Heriditary
  • Insulin resistance

Clinical Presentation

The peak age of presentation of T1DM in children is around the age of puberty. The symptoms and signs are related to the 

presence of hyperglycemia and the resulting effects on fluid and electrolyte balance. They generally include increased frequency 

of urination/micturation, increased thirst, increased hunger, weight loss, and blurred vision.


Because infection might have precipitated the initial presentation, symptoms of infection might also be present, such as fever, 

sore throat, cough, or burning micturation. In children in particular, the onset of symptoms can occur over a brief period and 

families may be able to date their onset with considerable accuracy. Onset of symptoms can also be insidious, particularly 

in older persons with T1DM, and can occur over a time frame of weeks or even months.

If onset of T1DM is associated with ketoacidosis, which is not uncommon, additional symptoms related to this acute 

metabolic complication of diabetes are also present. These symptoms can include abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. 

Variable effects on mental status may be seen, ranging from slight drowsiness to profound lethargy and even coma if the condition 

has been untreated for a significant period.






Web Editor: Dr. Praveen Ramachandra